Video surveillance legislation in the EU and Slovenia: privacy rights, security needs, and data protection challenges

  • PhD Benjamin Lesjak University of Primorska, Faculty of Management, Koper
  • Mateja Savić Odvetniška pisarna Stefanovič, Maribor, Slovenija
Keywords: personal data protection, video surveillance, GDPR


This paper describes the legal framework of video surveillance in the European Union (EU), with an emphasis on the legislation of the Republic of Slovenia. We are analyzing the legal intricacies inherent in balancing privacy rights and security needs. The purpose of the paper is to examine the legislative instruments in the EU and Slovenia, especially regarding the legal basis for processing data of video surveillance. The research methodology combines qualitative analysis and legislative review and case studies from selected Slovenian Information Commissioner opinions and decisions. The findings reveal a dynamic and complex landscape, where technology often outpaces regulatory frameworks, leading to potential privacy infringements. The paper shares the idea that harmonizing legislation across the EU helps ensure the balance between security and privacy rights, with significant practical implications in the creation of standardized policies and guidelines for the operation of video surveillance systems regarding European Data Protection Board opinions. The originality of this paper lies in its selected analysis of EU legislation and its practical application in Slovenian legislation. It distinguishes itself by offering a practical view in ensuring data protection compliance and security technologies regarding video surveillance.


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Zakon o provedbi Opće uredbe o zaštiti podataka (NN 42/18 na snazi od 25.05.2018).

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How to Cite
Lesjak, B., & Savić, M. (2023). Video surveillance legislation in the EU and Slovenia: privacy rights, security needs, and data protection challenges. Mednarodno Inovativno Poslovanje = Journal of Innovative Business and Management, 15(2), 1-10.
Review article